During this time, hospitality was treated as a test from the gods. This leads us to believe that they only shower him with gifts and feed him because it is what the gods want.
Solemn pronouncements were often used to establish a ritualised personal relationship, such as when "Xerxes, having been offered lavish hospitality and most valuable gifts by Pythios the Lydian, declared " Mutual acceptance of the gifts, on the other hand, was a clear mark of the beginning of friendship.
Unfortunately, the Cyclops is the sea god Poseidon's son; Odysseus has engaged a formidable enemy. The next day, a local beggar, Irus, picks a fight with Odysseus, whom he sees as a rival. More essays like this: Antinoos was particularly vicious to him. This leads us to believe that they only shower him with gifts and feed him because it is what the gods want.
Later, when Odysseus starts a battle to rid his house of the suitors, Antinous is the first one slain. I make you my Xenos. Odysseus is avenging the suitors' lack of respect for and the servants' lack of loyalty to his office, his property, and his family.
The loyal servants are rewarded; those who betray their master are dealt with more harshly. Deception, illusion, lying and trickery often are thought to be admirable traits in The Odyssey.
The Odyssey is, among other things, an eloquent tribute to the pain of being forcibly separated from home, and to the lengths to which a person will go to be reunited with his family. In Book One, Telemachus shows xenia to the disguised Athena by graciously welcoming her into his own home and offering her food.
Thus they deserve their fate. These are all examples of good xenia to a stranger. This type of hospitality was very unique and it played an important role in the ancient Greek society. Calypso, a fair goddess, had wanted to keep Odysseus in her cavern as her husband, but he refused.
The less advanced methods of transportation used in Homeric times, such as by boat or by foot, were much slower than modern forms of transportation.
The Argonauts call out, asking for the strangers to be kind to them and treat them fairly. Early on, Odysseus feels compelled to taunt Polyphemus the Cyclops as he escapes from the one-eyed monster.
When the epic opens, Telemachus is at a loss as to how to deal with the suitors who have taken over his home and seek the hand of his mother in marriage for primarily political reasons.
When they do not find anyone inside the city, they travel to the home of Abraham. Another example is Telemachus, who stands by his father against the suitors. Another case where hospitality came in an unwanted abundance was when Telemachus encountered Nestor.
In the end it proves to be a beneficial situation for them both. The guest must be courteous to the host and not be a burden. Hopefully, though, if good xenia is practiced by all, then hostilities would not be a problem, because proper respect would be shown by both the guest and host, reducing the chances of conflict.
Polyphemus trapped Odysseus and his men in a cave. In his wanderings, Odysseus receives impressive help from the Phaeacians and, initially, from Aeolus. Afterward, when you have tasted dinner, you shall tell us what your need is. The most violent reaction to the disregard of the responsibilities between a host and his guests occurs when the suitors are killed.
Whether Penelope recognizes her husband, on the other hand, is a matter of dispute. There are no universal rules for the conduct of the host or the guest; much less a threat of violence if a person does not behave in a certain manner. Importance of Xenia in Greek Civilization The custom of xenia was, to the Greeks, the mark of civilization in the late 12th century BC, a time when most of the world was still savage.
Also an excellent if humble host, Eumaeus makes his king proud as he speaks respectfully of the royal family and abhors the invasion of the suitors. Overview[ edit ] Xenia consists of two basic rules: According to research by the Pew Hispanic Center, a million people have been put in the position of Odysseus, Penelope, and Telemachus, separated by force from family members.
Our next instance of hospitality occurs on the island of the Cyclops. The worst it does is to separate people from their families by force.
If one had poorly played host to a stranger, there was the risk of incurring the wrath of a god disguised as the stranger. Xenia is an important theme in Homer's The Odyssey. Every household in the epic is seen alongside xenia.
Every household in the epic is seen alongside xenia. Odysseus' house is inhabited by suitors with demands beyond the bounds of xenia. For example, the grave importance of hospitality was a subject of a series of Greek myths and legends, and in their most famous Homeric epos, Iliad and Odyssey.
The key feature of hospitality is its reciprocity. [Telemachos] saw Athene and went straight to the forecourt, the heart within him scandalized that a guest should still be standing at the doors.
He stood beside her and took her by the right hand, and relieved her of the bronze spear, and spoke to her and addressed her in winged words: 'Welcome.
Odyssey Hospitality Essay. Odyssey Hospitality Hospitality In The Odyssey by Homer, hospitality plays a very important role. There are certain rules of hospitality needed, such as inviting a stranger into your home, not asking them their name before they have dined at.
Menelaos gives us some insight into why the rules of hospitality are in place: he treats his guests well, because hosts once treated him well.
Gee, it's nice when things work like they're supposed to. Who violates hospitality laws more severely: the suitors by their greed, or Kalypso by holding Odysseus captive?
Why isn't Kalypso punished?
The Phaiakians are the epitome of good hospitality in the Odyssey, yet a god punishes them.The importance of the law of hospitality in the odyssey by homer